Friday, May 22, 2020
Colonialism is often regarded as one of the greatest atrocities committed by mankind. Throughout history, civilizations have been exploited and oppressed primarily by European settlers that took advantage of indigenous peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s labor and extracted resources from the land. Indigenous people were often treated as slaves by colonizers that profited from the resources that they produced and injected into the global economy. Many regard colonialism as a historical event that human kind has ascended from, however, it still exists in modified and very similar ways in the present. This phenomenon is often referred to as neocolonialism. I will examine the properties of both neocolonialism and classical colonialism by observing their similarities and differences regarding monetary economics and developmental economics and examine the social impact of these perceptions. Despite the monetary systems of classical colonialism being much less complex than those of neocolonialism and post-colonialism, the monetary aspects of classical colonialism are a completely separate category of discrimination upon the disadvantaged. Indigenous tribes often had their own unique methods of accounting and organizing transactions. These methods were sufficient in determining tribal obligations (Goswami, 1984, p. 56-60). During the colonial period in Africa, Ã¢â¬Å"Colonial governments established uniform monetary systems and abolished pre-existing currencies, usually without compensationÃ¢â¬ (Manning, 1974, p.Show MoreRelated12 Years a Slave and Crossing the River: Postcolonial Critique1155 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAtlantic slave trade, subsequently producing unconscious bigotry and racialized fantasies. As a postcolonial United States absconded from the political, cultural and economic ways of Great Britain, imperialism remained as a consequence of the human coloniali sm of slavery. Steve McQueenÃ¢â¬â¢s adaptation of 12 Years a Slave depicts the legacy of slavery and racism, and its relation to the African American diaspora. Through the collapse of identity and white prevalence, 12 Years a Slave subverts order and chaosRead MoreDefinition Of A World Class University Essay2114 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesand power, globalization is able to reflect Ã¢â¬Å"the rise of the service sector and the dependence of many societies on knowledge products and highly educated personnel for economic growthÃ¢â¬ (Altbach and Knight, 2007, p. 290). It is a both ways impact between higher education and globalization. Globally, universities have become advanced contributors with sophisticated skills and knowledge. They are also deemed as vanguards for building up Ã¢â¬Å"the international academic mobilityÃ¢â¬ (Altbach and Knight, 2007Read MoreA Report Of Post Wwii Development Of Kenya2483 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pageswith RostowÃ¢â¬â¢s stages of growth model and the Ha rrod-Domar Growth model, linear stages of growth model demonstrated that all the developed countries must have undergone several essential stages. Moreover, Harrod-Domar deemed that the relationship between the growth and the capital requirement is close. It is reasonable for us to illustrate how Kenya fit/ not fit in every stage in the progress. Stage 1: The traditional society: Kenya is a still in a Ã¢â¬Å"traditional societyÃ¢â¬ stage, which is characterizedRead MoreImpact of Globalization on Pakistan Economy8194 Words Ã |Ã 33 Pagesglobalization on Pakistan in particular and on the developing countries in general. Therefore, unlike the developed nationsÃ¢â¬â¢ fashion of regarding globalization as the means of development, Pakistan and other developing nations regard globalization as the neocolonialism which ensures more and more politicoeconomic as well as strategic empowerment of the capitalist developed countries at the cost of the present and future of the developing nations through the practice of the predatory law of Ã¢â¬Å"might is rightÃ¢â¬ [(AnjumRead MoreCan the Subaltern Speak9113 Words Ã |Ã 37 PagesDerrida. And I will have recourse, perhaps surprisingly, to an argument that Western intellectual production is, in many ways, complicit with Western international economic interests. In the end, I will offer an alternative analysis of the relations between the discourses of the West and the possibility of speaking of (or for) the subaltern woman. I will draw my specific examples from the case of India, discussing at length the extraordinarily paradoxical status of the British abolition of widow sacrifice
Friday, May 8, 2020
Parole is the release of a convicted offender after he or she has completed a portion of his or her prison sentence (Alarid Del Carmen, 2012). Probation is a form of sentence for violating the law, which suspends the convicted offenderÃ¢â¬â¢s sentence for a period of time and releases the offender back into the community under specific conditions (Alarid Del Carmen, 2012). The start of probation can be linked to EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s criminal law. During Henry VIIIÃ¢â¬â¢s time, harsh sanctions were placed on adults and children for violations of the law that were sometimes minor (New York City Government, 2015). The upper class members of the society eventually became dissatisfied with the harsh punishments and became bothered with the change of theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Before the mid-nineteenth century offenders received determinate sentences in prison (Rank, n.d.). Determinate sentence is a non-negotiable sentence of incarceration for the specific amount of time as required by statute for that specific crime (U.S. Legal, 2015). Determinate sentencing became problematic because prisons were often overcrowded, which forced governors to issue pardons or prison wardens had to randomly release inmates to make room for new intake (Rank, n.d.). Captain Alexander Maconochie and Sir Walter Crofton are credited for implementing early parole system in England (Rank, n.d.). Maconochie was governor of an English penal colony at Norfolk Island (Rank, n.d.). Convicted English offenders were transported to Australia from England and from Australia to the island; unfortunately, the conditions were extremely bad for the offenders (Rank, n.d.). Maconochie discontinued determinate sentencing and created a Ã¢â¬Å"mark systemÃ¢â¬ (Rank, n.d.). Under the Ã¢â¬Å"mark systemÃ¢â¬ , inmates could be granted release from prison based upon their hard work and good behavior (Rank, n.d.). Inmates earned marks, which were used to buy a reduction in sentence or goods; unfortunately, inmates had to undergo a variety of stages before they were released and the climbing through the stages depended on the number of marks received (Rank, n.d.). Similar to Maconochie, Sir Walter Crofton was convinced that the prison sentence should not
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
It is an irony that the guerrilla Ernesto Ã¢â¬Å"CheÃ¢â¬ Guevara, one of the most intriguing figures of Latin America, has come to be immortalized as an icon of popular cultureÃ¢â¬âa pin-up, poster boy of sorts that lends face to the mass-produced Ã¢â¬Å"CheÃ¢â¬ shirts and pins. This massive appeal, however, needs to be rooted in the context of what prompted him to become a revolutionary, to a time before he took up arms and became a legend. Retracing such route to a decisive era in GuevaraÃ¢â¬â¢s early life is the book Ã¢â¬Å"The Motorcycle Diaries: A Journey Around South America. We will write a custom essay sample on The Motorcycle Diaries or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ã¢â¬ The Motorcycle Diaries: A Journey Around South America is the memoir of twenty-three year-old medical student Ernesto Guevara de la Serna when he embarked upon a journey across South America with his older friend Rodrigo Granado. In search for fun and adventure, theirs is a rather grand route that spans Argentina, Chile, Peru, the Peruvian Amazon, Colombia and Venezuela. The two start out aboard a lumbering 1939 Norton 500 motorcycle they named Ã¢â¬Å"La PoderosaÃ¢â¬ (The Mighty One) which eventually crashes on the way and forces them to travel on foot. Chronological entries in The Motorcycle Diaries detail ErnestoÃ¢â¬â¢s narrative of the eight-month journey, in which they initially wanted to seek bourgeois pleasures like getting drunk and getting laid. Early on, they pose as Argentinian leprosy doctors in order to gain accommodations and hospitable treatment from local folks.Ã Further on the road, Ernesto and Alberto share a series of youthful misadventures, at times committing scams to get themselves by. In an event, Ernesto tries to work as a fireman but sleeps out on the sounding fire alarm so that the building on fire burns down. Even if the diaries present the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ bawdy behavior, it more importantly accounts for a great discovery that only such journey can offer them. As they themselves experience poverty and come face-to-face with indigent townsfolk, nameless people whose living conditions sharply contrast the lavish lifestyle they were born into, their view of the world changes. Incidents in the diaries concretely speak of these encounters with social injustice. When Ernesto sees a tuberculosis-stricken woman in her death bed, he realizes how dismal the public health system is. When he tours a copper mine (which has taken lives of miners), he discovers how laborers are famished and unfairly treated. Throughout the trip, not only does Ernesto stumble upon the endemic poverty and subjugation of the peoples across South America. He is also able to make his stand regarding a Ã¢â¬Å"unified Latin America.Ã¢â¬ A passage in the The Motorcycle Diaries reads Although we are too insignificant to be a spokesman for such a noble cause, we believe, and this journey has only served to confirm this belief, that the division of America into unstable and illusory nations is a complete fiction. We are one single mestizo race with remarkable ethnographical similarities, from Mexico down to the Magellan straits. And so, in an attempt to break free from an all narrow-minded provincialism, I propose a toast to Peru and United America. From various South American sights running parallel to each other, Ernesto sees his ideal of Pan-American unification which he would later brace politically. He maintains that since all of Latin America share a common experience and long history of oppression, hence should they have an integrated movement towards their liberation. (Later in his life, Ernesto demonstrated how he lived up to this ideal, touring across the continent to unite different guerrilla units and revolutionary forces in different countries.) What was originally meant to be a journey for fun and adventure turned out to be the provocation necessary to make a Ã¢â¬Å"revolutionary.Ã¢â¬ Ã Immersion and encounters with workers being laid-off and fighting for jobs, starving farmers, and other vestiges of feudal rule on agricultural communities make only a few threads weaving the larger story of oppression that proved strong enough to catapult individuals like Ernesto Guevara to the fray. These experiences caused such indignation in Ernesto, sending him to become the revolutionary who changed the history of South America. Both Alberto (who came back to Argentina to pursue medicine and dedicate his practice for the poor) and Ernesto show that the things they saw from their journey are hard truthsÃ¢â¬ârealities often obscured to the upper economic classes but inescapable realities nevertheless, needing to be dealt with actions more forceful than charity. The characters of The Motorcycle Diaries are a testament that revolutionaries are made, not born. The Ã¢â¬Ëlife-changingÃ¢â¬â¢ theme that prevails in The Motorcycle Diaries is conveyed by other allegories pertaining to the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ awakening. For instance, the river separating the leper colony to the medical staffÃ¢â¬â¢s island symbolizes the gap between the powerful and the oppressed. ErnestoÃ¢â¬â¢s act of dissolving this symbolic divide is a portent to the way he would later take in his life. ErnestoÃ¢â¬â¢s Diaries is written with such vividness and animation, and is punctuated with a range of ordinary human emotions, from mischief and vulgarity to a sense of righteousness and justice. He states even his most roguish actions in a matter-of-fact tone that you would think of Ã¢â¬Å"shooting a puma in the dark of the nightÃ¢â¬ (which turns out to be a neighborÃ¢â¬â¢s dog) as if it is the most natural thing to do. Ã Even if Ernesto writes The Motorcycle Diaries from his own viewpoint, it does not render him heroically Ã¢â¬Ëlarger-than-life.Ã¢â¬â¢ In 2004, a film bearing the same title was made based on the book. There are minor deviations from the book to account for, particularly the omission of several interesting incidents (like shooting of the Ã¢â¬Å"pumaÃ¢â¬ and sneaking inside a shipment of melons, etc.). The film also romanticizes the love angle between Ernesto and his fiancÃ ©e, which, in the diaries, does not appear to be such a highlight.Ã Despite these, however, the film is still quite able to introduce the essence of the written memoirs to those who have not read them yet. The Motorcycle Diaries: A Journey Around South America has written down how witnessing concrete forms of social injustice could change a personÃ¢â¬â¢s worldview and awaken him from his ignorance and unconscious indifference. At least for the man who later became the revolutionary Che Guevara, the journey even served to fuel his future actions in defiance of the prevailing system he found oppressive. The catchphrase Ã¢â¬Å"Before he changed the world, the world changed himÃ¢â¬ (promoting the film version of The Motorcycle Diaries) speaks truthfully of the bereted man we see ubiquitously as a pop icon. In turn, the book speaks of demystifying the face behind the shirt and the poster and understanding, from his beginnings, the persona who the powers-that-be, for so long, have come to vilify. Guevara, Che, The Motorcycle Diaries: A Journey Around South America. October 1996. New York: Verso. Ã How to cite The Motorcycle Diaries, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Habeas Corpus and its Application within the U.S. The original purpose of the writ of habeas corpus was to ensure that an individual could be tried by a judge in court for purported crimes that are attributed to them. Its institution was meant as a means by which a person is given a fair trial and is not unlawfully detained without sufficient cause or evidence to justify their incarceration. In the case of the U.S., the application of the writ of habeas corpus can actually be suspended depending on the following factors as outlined by Article 1, section 9 of the U.S. Constitution:Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Suspension of Habeas Corpus specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More rebellion invasion general public safety as required given unprecedented external/internal circumstances When taking this into consideration, it can be seen that in certain circumstances habeas corpus can be suspended when it involves aspects that endanger public safety. As seen in the events of 9/11, the concept of terrorism has in effect altered AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s perception regarding what can constitute a real and possible danger to its citizenry and as such measures such as the creation of Gunatanamo Bay and the Military Commissions of Act of 2006 thus becomes more justifiable due to the way in which the standard concept of a threat to the state which normally comes in the form of an opposing country has now been changed to focus on combatants who can pose as civilians. It is based on this that this paper is under the assumption that governments have the responsibility to ensure the survival of the state and as such this can at times justify the act of denying people certain freedoms if it means the survival of the state as a whole. Suspension and Implementation of Habeas Corpus as it Applies to the Current Situation An examination of various historical instances surrounding the use and suspension of habeas co rpus reveals several notable instances that show a great deal of relevance to the present day case. The first involves the case of Johnson versus Eisentrager (involving German war criminals that were held within a U.S. administered prison that was within Germany) wherein it was ruled by the U.S. supreme court that in instances where the U.S. government does not hold sovereignty the U.S. Constitution thus does not completely ensure the application of habeas corpus (Katyal, 2008). When taking this particular case into consideration, the case of Guantanamo bay is more along the lines of a prison that is merely administered by the U.S. government, yet the detainees within are under the jurisdiction of Cuba. Thus, from a certain perspective, if you take the case of Johnson versus Eisentrager into consideration, then the suspension of habeas corpus is perfectly valid since the prisoners are not subject to the U.S. government law. Other instances where habeas corpus has been suspended were seen in the aftermath of the attack on Pearl Harbor wherein 10 saboteurs, 8 of whom were German were tried via a secret military court with the writ of habeas corpus not being applicable due to the saboteurs being labeled as unlawful combatants. From a certain perspective, it can be stated that since the individuals within Guantanamo bay are being accused of terrorism which in itself is considered an unlawful action, then their detention and conviction under the Military Commissions of Act of 2006, thus becomes valid since the mere act of terrorism does not necessarily target military installations and personnel but can encompass civilian targets as well as evidenced by the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11.Advertising Looking for research paper on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Evaluation of the Perspective of the Judges When examining the case of Boumediene versus Bush, it is quite interesting to note that the divergent views of the judges involving the suspension of habeas corpus in the case of detainees at Guantanamo bay is a clear example of the clash over traditional views involving national security and the clearly nontraditional nature of the present day security environment (Raughter, 2005). It can be seen that the negative views of judges Souter and Kennedy regarding the inherent problems surrounding the suspension of habeas corpus in the case of the MCA and AEDPA were based on not only historical precedent (as seen in their arguments involving the application of habeas corpus on territories outside of the U.S. as well as its implementation with the case of England and Scotland) but on moral grounds citing the checks and balances system within the U.S. government that prevents too much power from being concentrated on one branch of the government as well as the fact that the detainees within Guantanamo themselves were held for a period of up to six years without suf ficient evidence to show that they were complicit in terrorist actions (Posner, 2007). On the other end of spectrum is the dissent of judges Scalia, Roberts, Alito and Thomas. In this particular case, it can be seen that their arguments are based on what was mentioned earlier involving nontraditional security issues within the present day global security environment. What you have to understand is that from the perspective of the dissenting judges the writ of habeas corpus as it applies to the case of the detainment of foreign nationals was originally meant as a measure that applied to combatants that were part of an enemy state (Neuman, 2010). The problem with terrorism, as explained by Scalia, is that it is incredibly difficult to actually determine who is and who is not a combatant within a foreign theater of war (Dempsey Sahar, 2011. It is usually the case that in periods of conflict it is the enemy state that is held liable for the actions of its soldiers, however in this part icular case there is no state to which the action of terrorism can be attributed to since this is based on an ideology created by a nongovernmental organization. Thus, even though the individuals detained within Guantanamo bay are considered enemy combatants, their possible actions in the future which may or may not result in the loss of American lives cannot be attributed to a particular state and thus no form of commensurate action in the form of reparation or retribution can be applied. Personal Philosophy When examining the current war on terror within the context of the protection of civil liberties, the issue of the survival of the state must be taken into consideration. As it was explained earlier, one of the primary roles of the government is ensuring the survival of state. This is done through a variety of means and methods whether military or political in nature. From my personal perspective, based on the various research texts I have examined on the issue, the necessity o f ensuring the survival of the state often supersedes the concept civil liberties. This was seen in a variety of instances within the international stage involving the suppression of activists within Russia and China and the implementation of martial law in the Philippines.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Suspension of Habeas Corpus specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The U.S. itself is no stranger to the concept of suppression with the famous Communist Ã¢â¬Å"witch huntsÃ¢â¬ that occurred within the country during the height of the Cold War and the suppression of various civil liberties during this particular period in time in favor of protecting the interests of the state clearly showing that civil liberties are not indelible but rather are transient depending on the situation at hand. One of the views justifying the suppression of civil liberties can be seen in the work of Boot (2008) which states th at extraordinary external events which present a clear and present threat to the safety and security of the state often requires equally extraordinary measures to counteract them (Boot, 2008). In the case of terrorism which falls under the category of a Ã¢â¬Å"nontraditionalÃ¢â¬ security issue, this often entails the implementation of measures of counteraction which do not fall under the traditional domain. While Ã¢â¬Å"traditionalÃ¢â¬ security issues (i.e. conflict between states) entail the implementation of specific rules of conflict including habeas corpus, nontraditional methods of security often deal with situations wherein threats are not so clearly defined (i.e. terrorists posing as civilians) thus necessitating the use of other means of prevention. You also have to take into consideration the fact that when the laws meant to protect the rights of detainees were established they were done under a security environment that primarily dealt with traditional threats. In th is age where nontraditional threats have significantly increased, this necessitates an entirely different means of counteracting them. In this particular age, the process of preventing terrorist activities from taking place has now all boiled down to the acquisition of relevant knowledge and the implementation of measures meant to prevent terrorist events from even occurring. The logic behind this led to the creation of the Guantanamo bay facilities as well as the drone strikes within the region of Pakistan which many have cited as being responsible for terrorist and civilian deaths like. Despite this, it must be questioned what would have been the result if preventive measures such as this had not been implemented in the first place. Some studies such as those by Semple (2011) have indicated that the U.S. drone strikes and the Guantanamo bay facility have actually encouraged anti-U.S. sentiment and the popularization of terrorist action against the U.S. as seen in the recent case o f the death of the U.S. ambassador to Libya as well as numerous attacks on various U.S. embassies within the Middle East (Semple, 2011). On the other hand, there are studies such as those by Greenwald (2011) that indicate that the suspension of habeas corpus, the establishment of Guantanamo bay as well as the drone strikes in the Middle East are a justified way of preventing threats from escalating into actions that may adversely affect more American lives in the future (Scalia, 2008) (Greenwald, 2011).Advertising Looking for research paper on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It is based on this that while I consider the detainment of prisoners at Guantanamo Bay (GITMO) without proper judicial proceedings to be ethically and morally wrong, the fact remains that their detainment can be considered a necessity in order to ensure the protection of the state as a whole. Reference List Boot, M. (2008). Are We Winning the War on Terror? Commentary, 126(1), 15-20. Dempsey, A., Sahar, L. (2011). Spoiling Boumediene: Military Involvement in theÃ Destruction of Evidence Regarding Detainee Habeas Petitions. Georgetown Journal Of Legal Ethics, 24(3), 497-516. Greenwald, A. (2011). A decade after 9/11 what we got right in the war on terror. Commentary, 132(2), 14-27. Katyal, N. (2008). courting failure. American Lawyer, 24. Neuman, G. L. (2010). The habeas corpus suspension clause AFTER BOUMEDIENE V. BUSH. Columbia Law Review, 110(2), 537-578. Posner, M. (2007). Panel Votes To Restore Habeas Corpus To War Detainees. CongressDaily. p. 12. Raughter, J. (2005). Court s differ on Gitmo detainees. American Legion, 159(1), 12. Scalia, J. (2008). Decision Will Cause More Americans to Be Killed. (Cover story). Human Events, 64(22), 1-8. Semple, M. (2011). Fault lines in the sand. New Statesman, 140(5060), 24-26. This research paper on Suspension of Habeas Corpus was written and submitted by user Esperanza French to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Friday, March 20, 2020
Fidel Castro and the Cuban revolution essays Fidel Castro Ruz was born on august 13 1926 in Biran, Cuba. His family, owning sugar plantations, were fairly wealthy, this money providing him with extensive education oppurtunities. In 1945 Castro gained a law degree after attending the University of Havana and started a practice, devoting himself to serving the poor. Castro had always been a rebel, his main interest in university being politics, involving himself in various protest groups. In 1952 he intended to run for parliament, but in a coup detat, General Fulgencio Batista overthrew the existing government, marking the end of democracy in Cuba and cancelling the election. These actions on Batistas part fueled Castros desire for revolution and in 1953 he started to organise a revolt. The revolutionary movement started on July 26 1953 and after many trials and tribulations Castro finally rose to power on January 1 1959. Batista had fled the country allowing Castros forces to move in and take Havana. Castro became president of Cuba and remains in this position today. How Castro impacted on the course of the Revolution from approx. 1950-1960 It is quite easily said that without Castros input there would not have been a successful revolution within Cuba. Castro was dedicated and determined to win, as said by Tad Szulc in Fidel: a Critical Portrait It was the obsession of Fidel Castro to do away with human, social and economic underdevelopement in Cuba. Fidel Castros political style emphasised active engagement and self-discipline. He believed that individuals can overcome any obstacle they desire if they have a strong will to do so and that revolution is the important mission worth pursuing. As Castro has said The duty of every revolutionary is to make the revolution. It was this enthusiasm and drive that rose him above Batista and ultimately lead to his victory in 1959. He was a ...
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
About the Reconstruction Era (1865Ã¢â¬â1877) The period of Reconstruction took place in the southern United States from the end of the Civil War in 1865 until 1877. The era was marked by intense controversies, which included the impeachment of a president, outbreaks of racial violence, and the passage of Constitutional amendments. Even the end of Reconstruction was controversial, as it was marked by a presidential election which many, to the present day, contend was stolen. The main issue of Reconstruction was how to bring the nation back together after the rebellion of the slave states had been ended. And, at the end of the Civil War fundamentalÃ issues facing the nation included what role former Confederates might play in the US government, and what role freed slaves would play in American society. And beyond the political and social issues was the matter of physical destruction. Much of the Civil War had been waged in the South, and cities, towns, and even farmlands, were in runs. The infrastructure of the South also had to be rebuilt. Conflicts Over Reconstruction The issue of how to bring the rebellious states back into the Union consumed much of the think of President Abraham Lincoln as the Civil War came to an end. In his second inaugural address he spoke of reconciliation. But when he was assassinated in April 1865 much changed. The new president, Andrew Johnson, declared that he would follow Lincolns intended policies toward Reconstruction. But the ruling party in Congress, the Radical Republicans, believed Johnson was being far too lenient and was allowing former rebels too much of a role in the new governments of the South. The Radical Republican plans for Reconstruction were more severe. And continual conflicts between the Congress and the president led to the impeachment trial of President Johnson in 1868.Ã When Ulysses S. Grant became president following the election of 1868, Reconstruction policies continued in the South. But it was often plagued by racial problems and the Grant administration often found itself trying to protect the civil rights of former slaves. The era of Reconstruction effectively ended with the Compromise of 1877, which decided the highly controversial election of 1876. Aspects of Reconstruction New Republican controlled governments were instituted in the South, but were almost certainly doomed to fail. Popular sentiment in the region was obviously opposed to the political party which had been led by Abraham Lincoln. An important program of Reconstruction was the Freedmens Bureau, which operated in the South to educate former slaves and give them assistance in adjusting to living as free citizens.Ã Reconstruction was, and remains, a highly controversial subject. Southerners felt that northerners were using the power of the federal government to punish the south. Northerners felt the southerners were still persecuting freed slaves through the imposition of racist laws, called black codes. The end of Reconstruction can be seen as the beginning of the period of Jim Crow.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Healthcare for Multiple Sclerosis - Assignment Example The goals address quality, competitiveness, research, innovation and advancing the purpose of the organization. They reflect the values and vision of the organization. Their achievement is important in the battle against multiple sclerosis at the organizational and societal level. The first goal of Jackson Center for Multiple Sclerosis focuses on the indiscriminate delivery of quality healthcare. As a result, the organization shall develop a policy to serve everyone who seeks its services. This is an implementation strategy. The second alternative strategy involves the participation in established quality and customer delivery study. This is a competitive strategy that enables the organization to measure the quality of their healthcare and customer service (Kelkar, 2010). Lastly, the centre will need to develop an implementation strategy for evaluating the quality and fairness of its service. Customer feedback is the greatest measure of the quality of service provided by an organization (Thomas& Applegate, 2010). The second goal addresses the objective of the organization to be the best healthcare provider in multiple sclerosis. In order to achieve this goal, an adaptive strategy called vertical integration needs to be applied so as to reduce costs and enhance the competitiveness of the organization (Harrigan&Harrigan, 2003). Another adaptive strategy will be the automation of routine tasks to increase efficiency at the hospital. In addition, there will be a competitive strategy which involves attracting the best talent in the industry. The third goal states the aim to be a leading research centre for multiple sclerosis. Firstly, the centre will have to adopt a market entry strategy for developing its internal research capacity by raising the capital expenditure required and the ability of its staff to research. Secondly, it will collaborate with learning institutions, which is an adaptive strategy.Ã